Tag Archives: Shusui

The Background of Nishikigoi Born

The Background of Nishikigoi Born  There are so few literature existed about Nishikigoi breeding, it is however in the back of year A.D. 720 only Nihonsyoki stated that Keikou tennnou (Emperor)saw Nishikigoi in the Kukuriyano miya pond and also Suiko tennnou (Emperor) year of A.D. 620 that he saw the Nishikigoi swimming in the Pond of Sogano Umeko’s pond on the Garden as well.
1) Geographical environment
In the age of no road is well prepared for mass transportation the ship is utilized as one of the way to carry mass volume goods.
It is understood that the river running southern Niigata Prefecture Uono gawa river,for instance,also it is utilized for carring daily life goods and also it includes local products and fishes for commercial bases.
One of local town and city who has historiography museum, where you will be able to see ancient fishing tools and farming tools so that they tell some kind of trade among towns and cities in local district.
It is told also in the winter ship is useless so the river should have been crowded to carry / to pass the winter goods and salmon fishing vessel before comming winter/snow seasons.
Under these environments river fishes are treated as fresh fish and also sold as processed food to the other local region.
The origin of Nishikigoi,Yamakoshi hamlet is deeper snowy place in mountain area where faces to Kita Uonuma county and snow pile up to over five(5) meters,one one(1)meter or more snow falling over a night is often experienced.
In January the snow month,communication often disconnected even with adjacent villages.
The Nishikigoi for food is a valuable source of Protein under these severe meteorogical conditions and they are kept in a farming pond in the summer time for building seeds of Nishikigoi.
It is also so called TANADA (Terraced Paddy Fields) breeding, this way keep continuing from ancient time and from the year around 1970 the pond was converted to breeding pond for adjustment on the rice productions policy,it is thought the rice terrace breeding will be continued until such time the rice farming policy is changed.
The kind of fish is rich in Uono Gawa river which being start flowing Mt. Tanigawa dake summit in boarder of Gunnma and Niigata prefecture.
The quality of water is fine and just fit for breeding so the Nishikigoi captured is further developped and trade activities followed before snow falling.
The Koi for food is MAGOI and three different kind and the ASAGI MAGOI is majority in this region then TETSUMAGOI and DOROMAGOI can not be seen.
In this category,the relation with MAGOI is deeper and evolution from ASAGI MAGOI has longer history, by mutation in latter Edo era AOI KOI was born and this leads to ASAGI Koi.
BY way of Jyu Ni Daira Gawa river the origin of Uono Gawa river start flow and TETSUMAGOI carried to Yamakoshi hamlet wuth HI GOI products a key of born the KOHAKU.
It is referred to us that the word origin of UONO being AINU word of 500 ponds and it means the place with many ponds.
The era of war in Japan, Nitta Yoshisada changed the name to IONUMA and in the MEIJI era the district on Kita Uonuma ,Minami Uonuma and Naka Uonuma gunn were consolidated and governed as one.
The area in this region testifys the existence of many ponds such name as Wanagashima,Aosima,and Shimojima and local name that conveys word/name of island (Shima) and surrounding on them piling up of soil makes farming land and they lead living people around in longer history.
The stratums on the Uono Gawa vicinity is much of gravel so the ASAGI Koi conveyed by Uonuma fits to Yamakoshi county’s stratums and his quality of water and moreover it is said that the changement of the color tone is essential matter to live the fish having a factor to have imperfect protection color for which gives effectiveness on Nishikigoi’s born.

2) The history of Nishiki Goi.
The Nishikigoi ASAGI carried into Yamakoshi hamlet by Uonuma district being strange kind in this region and it was told that wealthy farmer wanted but due to clay quality of water the residual Blue color on the back close to white with no color is most of them which is quite differ from remaining on Uonuma district.
Due to this, ASAGI Koi tend to be breed together with KOI for food, it is however this leads accidental happening to born Nishikigoi.
The TETSUMAGOI was breeding for food in the farming pond in Yamakoshi hamlet,the HIGOI happened to born by close relation crossbreeding and being treated as present on a happy events.
It is however,around end of Edo era year 1818-1829 red color with white body among white colored MIZU ASAGI and HIGOI were emerged.
Based upon this ,ancestor of a kind of KOHAKU born in MEIJI era but on year 1830-1843 emerged NIshikigoi with half red color on the head and also red color around a mouth.
On year 1874-1875, Beni Hakusyu (variety) based light rouge type was emerged and it was dispersed locally.
On year 1899, Mr. Kunizou Hiroi, Yamakoshi Higasiyama village developed and fixed the kind,and its family is distributed in the local district,also improvement was carried and finally KOHAKU was completed.
And, moreover some activities were carried between KOHAKU and Koi with Aka Kuro pattern by close relation crossbreeding,and TAISYOU SANSYOKU,Taisyou era year 1917 and also KUROKO ,RAN GI were born which leaded the kind of Koi now a day.
On the way to improve the kind for the Nishikigoi,the German Koi accelerated its activities much. Fourty fishes with AISYU GURTEN kind were presented by Dr. Buruno Hopha of Fish Disease Laboratory in Munich Germany to Mr. Shinnnosuke Matsubara of Fishery Training Chef and they were given to Nagano prefecture mainly to improvement on KOi for food.
Of the two, Mr. Kichigorou Akiyama in Fukagawa Tokyo did crossbreeding it with ASAGI and got DOITSU(German)ASAGI this is called SYUU SUI and also by crossbreeding among SYUU SUI,KOHAKU and Taisyou SANSYOKU goes via decade of generation the KAGAMI UROKO and TAISYOU SANN SYOKU on the DOITSU KOHAKUwere developped.
The unique on the DOITSU (German) is that it has the strong heredity and being relayed to its type the KAGAMI UROKO, KAWAGOI with no scale and also so called WAGOI and its intermidiate type of YOROI GOI for which there are three types.
Whichever the body shape is contrast from WARINN and they are brought up for keeping superior body shape with efficient feeding developed for which the DOITSUGOI was essential KOI indeed and moreover All Japan Nishikigoi Promotion Association takes a role to supervise the Nishikigoi exhibition under the indipendent division.
Talking to the NISHIKIGOI after year 1945,the development on OUGON,KIN GINN RINN and its fixing of type is essential and can not be aside.
On year 1947, the new one with OUGON GOI features the chest fin/gold leaf was developped by Mr. Sawata Aoki,Yamakoshi Takezawa village(now Nagaoka city).
The show up of this Golden colored Koi gave astonishiment to breeder in Yamakoshi hamlet/village,it is however,evolution were advanced rapidly in 50 years.
The blood having golden colored Nishikigoi has now 26 varieties and the one who produced/developed could be memorized forever.
Also, person who did the settlement on gold and silver scale to promote Nishikigoi as splendid and elegantly would need recording in the history.
In year 1965, the Nishikigoi that has scales with gold colors and silver which have not have over neck thru tail was developed by Mr. Uedera.
Many of breeders have introduced Silver Scale,and made crossbreeding with KOHAKU, TAISYOU SANSYOKU,SYOWA SANSYOKU and further crossbreeding with golden system would accelerate evolution.
The activities on Nishikigoi to improve stands by settlement of a kind, introduction of German Koi to get Goldengoi and also settlement of Gold Silver scale,the history stands also by its application on them.
The kind tells that biological stand point,like as HIKARI MUJI system,all the child fishes born by the same mother Koi should have the same character classification, but in Nishikigoi world a kind classification is the name of heredity expression and it is not saying by a kind determination.
Presently,there are 82 different kind of Nishikigoi and breeders are pursuing splendid and elegent expression’s.
All Japan Nishikigoi Promotion Association has over 16 countries with about 70 professional members ,the Nishikigoi as Japan Nationa fishes being exported over 40 countries and we expect the Nishikigoi takes a role as visitor’s with peace mission over the world keeping good communication among peoples.

3) Nishikigoi Competitive Exhibition and its significance
The said competitive Exhibition was opened in order to exhibit the products by breeders in back year 1912,it was opened at elementary school at Kawaguchi town,Kita Uonuma Gunn in Niigata prefecture,in year 1914,Nishikigoi were exhibited in Tokyo as Taisyou Exhibition for which it is told us it is the first Nishikigoi exhibition in Japan wide.
By the trigger on the exhibition,breeding associations were establishied in Higashi Murayama, Takezawa Mura, and Ohta Mura village for which they run the exhibition yearly bases in turn.
It is also told that some of local activities such time that harvesting crops in autumn open small sized competitive exhibition.
It is thought after activities were took place any breeders could participate freely to such exhibition so the Nishikigoi breeding activities were spread over Niigata prefecture.
The Nishikigoi competition was not took place during war,but in order to make reconstruction many of local did the exhibition in parallel with reconstruction activities.
The first competitive exhibition in Niigata prefecture took place on year 1962, the Nagaoka city is one of frequent and the competition now count for 53rd as of year 2006.
The city who opened Nishikigoi Competitive Exhibition so far ranked Nagaoka city,Yamakoshi village (now Nagaoka city),and Kawaguchi town who runs 45 times and for Hiroshima prefecture with 42 times.
The exhibition runs prefecture bases so the breeder get together to demonstrate their products and have a meeting opportunities to information exchange.
As the other association, Zen Nippon sougou Nishikigoi competition by Zen Nippon Rinn Yuukai and also Zen Nippon Ai Rin Kai competition are also run so the Nishikigoi is now dispatching Japan national fishes with terminology of Nishikigoi are all Japanese word.
The competitive exhibition now opens frequently in overseas with Nishikigoi exported from Japan and also born oversea locally and got higher level of appreciation.

Author: Mr. Satoru Hoshino

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CCRES AQUAPONICS promotion association

CCRES AQUAPONICS promotion association


Tedori Fishland
Hinago Yogyojo
Shinohara Nisikigoi



海港錦鯉企業集團 Harbour Koi Group
Koi san Europe
Thai Nippon Fish Farm
Mungkorn intercorpration

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42nd All Japan Combined Koi Show by CCRES AQUAPONICS



42nd All Japan Combined Koi Show(2011)


90bu Kohaku

Kris Kasemsarn (Thailand)

Parent M Kohaku
handling by Thai Nippon Fish Farm


70bu Sanke

Didi Wikara (Indonesia)

Parent  Hiryu
handling by Samurai Koi Center

40bu Kohaku

Edy Yonathan (Indonesia)

handling by Narita Koi Farm
Samurai Koi Center

Kokugyo Prize
85bu Kohaku

David&Kelvin (Singapore)
Parent  Miss Japan
March, 2007 Auction koi
handling by Narita Koi Farm
Max Koi Farm

Kokugyo Prize
80bu Kohaku

Mitsuzo Kaneko (Nagano)

Parent  Yamato
handling by Nagashima Koi Farm

Kokugyo Prize
70bu Kohaku

譚 永権 (China)

Parent  Zipangu
handling by Narita Koi Farm

Kokugyo Prize
65bu Sanke

P&T (Thailand)

Parent Hiryu
December, 2010 Auction koi
handling by Narita Koi Farm

Kokugyo Prize
65bu Male Kohaku

Saburo Iizuka

handling by Narita Koi Farm

Kokugyo Prize
60bu Kohaku

Tadashi Nakanishi
Parent Yamato
March, 2010 Auction koi
handling by Yasuai Gyoen

Kokugyo Prize
25bu Sanke

Mr Fujimoto (Aichi)

handling by Narita Koi Farm

Sakura Prize
Best in Variety
85bu Hikari Utsuri

Jonkie Budiman (Indonesia)

December, 2008 Auction koi
handling by Samurai Koi Center

Best in Variety
85bu Sanke

Jitsuro Takagi (Fukuoka)

Parent Rainbow
October, 2007 Auction koi
handling by Narita Koi Farm

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Treatment of Nitrite Toxicity – CCRES AQUAPONICS

Why do some fish remain hardy and almost bullet-proof and others die at the slightest disruption to their routine?
We have a fish well suited to Aquaponics called the Murray Cod that has the reputation of being the sort of fish that dies at the most inopportune time in backyard aquaponics systems.

Many people avoid stocking this fine eating fish in systems for that very reason.
Not all fish are the same and some fish are finally tuned specimens that are unable to tolerate the ups and down of wild pH swings and sudden surges in biological activity in recirculated aquaponics systems.

The Murray Cod is one such specimen. Having said that, experienced aquaponics enthusiasts who monitor the chemistry of their water regularly have successfully grown Murray Cod right out to maturity without problem. Its a fine dining fish but there are some guidelines to growing these fish successfully out.
So how do you get the best of health out of your fish? What are the aquaponic secrets the pros use to grow their fish well?

Murray Cod

Nitrite Toxicity

New aquaponic system are more prone to the shock of a spike in ammonia especially if the beneficial bacteria have not had a chance to establish themselves. These natural occurring bacteria commonly need a few weeks for the system to cycle before your fish are introduced. The Ammonia spike is closely followed by a Nitrite spike which most fish can tolerate in low dosage.
However Nitrite toxicity is not limited to just new systems. Over feeding of fish and allowing the feed to settle to the bottom of the tank can result in a secondary surge resulting in sudden shocks to the well being of the fish. The plants will do just fine and keep growing. But the fish might be affected and start to die.

Nitrogen Cycle

A sudden surge in Nitrite can also occur in anaerobic grow beds.
The media in the lower layers is too dense with fish muck. Aerobic bacteria (the oxygen loving kind) is unable to colonize this segment and a meaner strain of bacteria able to live in stagnant no oxygen conditions begins to thrive. Like an engine in reverse this strain of bacteria begins to break the muck converting the Nitrate (the good stuff that plants like to eat) back to Nitrite.

Nitrite toxicity is also known as Brown Blood disease. The blood in the fish turns brown because it cannot absorb the oxygen into the blood stream. The fish are weakened and begin to suffer. Stressed fish struggle to keep alive by frantic gill movement, loss of balance and frantic effort to suck more oxygen into their system by gulping on the surface of the water.

The Danger SignsHealthy fish are sprightly and dart around the tank at speed when startled. Fish that exhibit Nitrite toxicity will be sluggish and exhibit some of these tell tale signs.

  • Rapid gill movement
  • Fish begin to gasp for air at the water surface
  • Fish stay limp and listless near water outlets
  • Tan or brown gills
A healthy aquaponics system shows no Nitrite activity (blue)

Fish that have been exposed to low levels of Nitrite for prolonged periods of time will eventually deteriorate in condition as secondary diseases begin to make an appearance. Fin rot, ich and bacterial infections suddenly occur resulting in a spiral string of sudden fish deaths.

Monitoring your system

Try and keep your aquaponic system clean of uneaten food stuff floating at the bottom of the tank. Make sure you have enough bio-filtration (grow beds) to strip impurities out of the water when recirculating the water. The water should never look foamy and cloudy. Make sure your pump is sufficient in size and capable of turning over the water in the fish tank at least four or five times per hour in volume capacity. Make sure you regularly test the water for Nitrite. Testing for Nitrite is very simple. A $40 dollar API Master test kit will supply all the equipment necessary to conduct the test. Five drops of Nitrite test solution in a vial of fish water will instantly tell you the condition of your water by the colour. A healthy system will turn blue. A bright scarlet colour spells trouble ahead.

So how do we combat this problem and what are the solutions we can employ to grow healthy fish?

In an emergency situation, partial water changes will eliminate the Nitrite – after you’ve eliminated any food found at the bottom of the tank. The addition of salt has a beneficial influence on the fish and will reduce the influence of the Nitrite to strip oxygen from the blood cells. Increase the aeration going to the fish. If necessary an extra aerator with plenty of air bubbling in the water will help keep the fish alive.

Treatment of Nitrite Toxicity
  • Change the Water
  • Add salt
  • Stop Feeding
  • Remove uneaten food.
  • Clean the tank
  • Increase aeration

Keeping your system clean and not overfeeding your fish will generally keep your system running fine and healthy. Regular small feeds throughout the day are preferable to sudden large feeds. Fish sometimes go off their feed for a day or two. Thats okay and nothing to be concerned about. Remove uneaten food. Observe the general tone and condition of your fish.More info at solarserdar@gmail.com.


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Many people keep koi fish in ponds or tanks, but only some can easily identify the types of Koi that are swimming around in them. In this video, we show 38 different types of Koi, including some rare varieties. Use this video to help you learn how to identify Koi when you see them.

Koi types included in this video:
Shiro Utsuri
Hi Utsuri
Ki Utsuri
Kin Shiro Utsuri
Platinum Ogon
Ai Goromo
Budo Goromo
Sumi Goromo
Yamato Nishiki
Doitsu Hariwake
Gin Matsuba
Aka Matsuba
Ochiba Shigure
Beni Kumonryu
Beni Kin Kikokuryu
Kabuto Ogon
Aka Haijiro
Cha Utsuri
Tancho Goromo
Tancho Goshiki
Tancho Kohaku
Tancho Sanke
Tancho Showa
Tancho Yamato Nishiki

Varieties that are missing from this video:
Ki Matsuba
Bekko Varieties
Orenji Ogon

More info at: solarserdar@gmail.com

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Aquaponics Case Studies

Case Studies

The Able Project, Wakefield


The ABLE project provides an outdoor learning facility for young people whose needs are not met in mainstream education as well as community service participants. The ABLE project combines areas of willow coppice, with a wood chip biomass boiler, a recirculation aquaculture system growing tilapia, carp, sturgeon and catfish, out door vegetable plots, an orchard, beehives, a BMX track and aquaponics greenhouses to provide an interdiscipli nary learning environment catering for a wide variety of interests.

Aquaponics UK designed, supplied, helped build, and commissioned the aquaponics greenhouse systems as well as providing training and continued support.

The Old Mills Project, Elgin


The Old Mills project is designed to produce between 10 15 tonnes of tilapia a year as well as consistent year round production from 600m2 of climate controlled aq uaponics greenhouses.

The site itself includes a water mill that dates back to 1010AD and in the 1200’s was owned by Macbeth. The watermill will be central to the projects aims towards sustainability producing electricity from the three lades that flow through the site, to power pumps and supple mentary lighting.

Learning, employment opportunities and training will be core values of the project as a whole and the site will also include a farm shop, a visitor center and function as a participatory resource for the local community and visitors alike.

Urban Aquaponics, Shoreham


Aquaponics UK, designed an urban aquaponics system for a household in Shoreham Sussex, the system is de signed to incorporate their requirements for fresh herbs, salad crops and duck’s eggs as well as fish for ornamen tal purposes.

The system is also intended to provide a learning re source for afterschool clubs and classes as well as dem onstrating sustainable urban food production.

Commercial trial system, Colchester


A trial system growing oriental herbs and tilapia is being used as a proof of concept for a larger commercial system which will when operational, supply high value London restaurants through the Low Hub food distribution chain.

The Able Project, Heckmonwike


Aquaponics UK has been working with the ABLE project and a Sustainable Aquaculture MSc student from the University of Stirling to develop a proposal for the integration of aquaponics into the redevelopment of a brown field site. The project would create community assets, recycle local green wastes, providing training and employment and sustainably produce food for local consumers.

Sanford Housing Coop, New Cross, London


Aquaponics UK are advising members of the Sanford housing cooperative on adopting aquaponics to meet the salad and fresh herb requirements of the 130 strong community.

The buildings on site are currently being heated by biomass boilers and solar thermal systems and aquaponics is seen as a further way in which the community can lower their footprint and produce more of their own food.

Aquaponics in schools with the ABLE project.


Aquaponics UK hosted an Erasmus student from the Basque country for three months alongside an MSc student from Stirling. During this time, the students worked with staff from both the ABLE project, ABLE to Build and Aquaponics UK to develop a number of small scale demonstration systems and helped install them in a variety of schools, colleges and offices across Yorkshire under the ABLE Aquaponics scheme.

Over the same period we also collectively promoted aquaponics at the 2009 Harrogate Flower Show and received a great deal of interest from schools, community projects, garden designers and growing enthusiasts alike.

Aquaponics at Stirling University


Aquaponics UK designed and supplied a low energy lighting system for the research greenhouses and their use in bumble bee research. The installation of a variety of aquaponic systems around the institute of aquaculture is in it’s planning phase.

The installations will provide both intriguing and captivating learning resources and the will be used to demonstrate how the architectural and design elements of aquaponics can be combined with hard science, to provide diverse and highly productive food growing systems for all involved.

The institute of Aquaculture at Stirling and more specifically the Systems Research Group, has been an extremely valuable pool of knowledge, ideas, contacts and has been instrumental in the establishment of Aquaponics UK.

Charlie Price from Aquaponics UK has also been working through the Institute with CEFAS to provide information to the growing UK tilapia industry both on aquaponics and renewable energy systems, and in Oct09 will give a presentation to key stakeholders including representatives from DEFRA on the role aquaponics can play in the future of our collective food supplies.

Birmingham Regeneration Plan, CAT

Aquaponics UK has been advising a sustainable architecture student on a visionary proposal for the redevelopment of an industrial site in Birmingham. The proposal includes the reuse of industrial buildings into food production systems and the site being made into a functional and aesthetically pleasing space for the communities involved. The student is working with the Center for Alternative Technology in Wales and the project is in the preliminary design and concept stage.


Aquaponics in Afghanistan


We are currently supporting an initiative in Afghanistan, being coordinated by US marines based in the Helmand province. The initiative is aimed at providing aquaponics resources for training local villagers and school children and is ultimately viewed as a viable high value alternative to opium production.

Aquaponics UK provided free equipment to the project with the support of Hydrogarden and Oase, as well as continued support to ensure the project reaches its full potential. A demonstration farm incorporating aquaponics is planned in Lashkar Gar with the support of USAID. Aquaponics UK, along with a variety of stakeholders, will work together to ensure methodologies are adopted appropriately and to the direct benefit of the Afghan people.

WOTR, India


Aquaponics UK are working with “Pathways to Empowerment” within the WOTR project programme. Huge problems exist in many of India’s rural communities in which the WOTR work, due to a variety of issues ranging from soil infertility to the over extraction of ground water resulting in, amongst other things, poorer livelihoods for the farming communities and some alarming suicide rates (183,000 in the last 15 years).

WOTR have implemented 728 watershed projects, in 996 villages and impacting on the lives of 740,000 people across India. We are currently in the early stages of helping to design a variety of systems for a demonstration farm at the WOTR center.

Baobab Farm, The Haller Foundation, Kenya


One of our newest staff members, Rebecca Bainbridge, is working with the Haller Foundation at Baobab Farm. Rebecca, under a scholarship from Aquaponics UK, will work with staff from the Baobab Farm from Sept-Dec 09 to develop household scaled aquaponics systems suitable for sub Saharan applications.

The Baobab farm is based in an old quarry and provides a unique demonstration farm exhibiting integration on many levels and providing a training facility for local farmers. We will keep you informed of Becky’s progress on the website in the coming months.

Aquaponics In Uganda

We are working with an organisations in Uganda to develop a commercial scale aquaponics farm producing tomatoes and around 5 tonnes of tilapia per year.

The system is designed to act as a demonstration and training facility as well as exhibiting the commercially viable nature of aquaponics in areas where soil fertility and water scarcity are an issue.

University of the Virgin Islands, USA


The University of the Virgin Islands was the first academic institution to conduct prolonged and detailed research in the field of aquaponics. UVI has a proven track record and runs yearly short courses in Aquaponics and green water systems.

The founder and director of Aquaponics UK, Charlie Price, spent some time at UVI back in 2006 and also completed their short course. Over the coming few years Aquaponics UK through the Institute of Aquaculture at Stirling, aims to develop research projects with UVI to develop our knowledge base further.

Katho University, Belgium

Aquaponics UK have been helping advise staff at Katho University of the setting up of a small scale trial system growing salad crops and tilapia. The system is intended as a first step towards developing educational aquaponics within the university. Progress is ongoing.

These are just some of our recent and current projects, and are listed in order to give you an idea of the range of applications and work that we do. There are numerous other people and projects to which we provide information and advice, and in time we aim to provide detailed information on the case studies in order from us all to learn from each other experiences, to share ideas and to collectively move things forward.

More info : solarserdar@gmail.com


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CCRES Application Tips

CCRES Application Tips

Net Pots

Step 1 Step 2 Step 3
Net Pot Example 1 Net Pot Example 2 Net Pot Example 3
Hold seedling at the top of the pot. (Rinse dirt from roots if started in soil.) Carefully add Expanded Shale around the roots to the top of the pot. Moisten the Expanded Shale to prevent the roots from drying.
Flood & Drain (Ebb & Flow) NFT
Flood & Drain Example NFT Example
Flood nutrient water every 1-1.5 hours for 10-15 minutes. Flood more frequently under hot conditions. Insert wick while adding Expanded Shale. Nutrient water should continuously flow over wick.

Grow Beds

Step 1 Step 2 Step 3
Grow Bed Example 1 Grow Bed Example 2 Grow Bed Example 3
Pour Expanded Shale into grow bed and level. To reduce evaporation and algae growth, keep maximum flood level 1″ below the surface. Like traditional soil, dig a hole and place seedling in hole. (Rinse dirt from roots if started in soil.) Carefully backfill hole. If seeding directly, following seeding instructions on package. Keep Expanded Shale moist until roots develop or seeds sprout. Flood nutrient water every 1-1.5 hours for 10-15 minutes. Flood more frequently under hot conditions.

Vertical Towers

Step 1 Step 2 Step 3
Filling Growing Tower Grow Tower Seedling Filling Growing Tower
Add Expanded Shale to the base of the growing tower. Place a filter around drain to prevent clogging. Insert seedling and carefully place Expanded Shale around the roots. Continue adding growing media to the next level.
Step 4 Step 5 Notes
Watering Seedling Growing Tower Flood
  • Continue watering plants until roots develop and can get enough moisture from the flood cycle.
  • Occasionally check towers for root-bound plants and clogged drain.
Moisten the Expanded Shale at each seedling to prevent the roots from drying. Flood nutrient water every 1-1.5 hours for 10-15 minutes. Flood more frequently under hot conditions.

Other Notes:

  • Expanded Shale will retain moisture in its pockets and fisures. Many people have found that it is not necessary to run their systems at night.
  • The above diagrams are generic samples and don’t pertain to any particular setup. Every system is different depending on the environmental conditions, plants, and nutrients.
  • Flood and drain times can vary depending on environmental conditions or sizes/types of plants.
  • Do you have a question about using Expanded Shale? Please contact us on solarserdar@gmail.com
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Koi Fish Support

What do I feed my Koi?


Your Koi’s diet and nutritional needs will change with the water temperature. During the summer, you will need to feed your Koi a food that is high in protein, around 30% to 50%. During the spring and the fall, when the water is cold, you will need to feed your Koi a Wheat Germ based Koi food that is easy to digest. During the winter, Koi go dormant and won’t eat. If you keep your Koi in a tank inside your house during the winter, you can keep feeding them a high protein food.


How long do Koi live for?


Koi usually live for 20 to 30 years. Some will live even longer. Factors that affect how long a Koi will live include:

  • Overall health
  • Genetics
  • Pond water quality
  • Area Predator Population
  • Pond Size
  • Koi Food Quality
  • Environment


The oldest Koi on record was names Hanako. Hanako reportedly lived to be 226 years old.


When do Koi start breeding?


Koi will start breeding when they reach sexual maturity. This happens when they are at least two years old and about 12 inches long. If you plan on breeding your Koi, it is better to wait until they are around 4 or 5 years old. Spawning is stressful and it can damage your Koi. When they are older, they will be able to handle the stress better.


Why is my fish isolating itself?


Your Koi could have a parasite or a bacterial infection. It should be netted and inspected. If you live elsewhere and require assistance, get in touch with a veterinarian that specializes in Koi health in your area.

Do Koi do better in hard or soft water?


Koi do better in hard water.

A stable pH level is required to keep Koi. Hard water is full of minerals, which act as a buffer to prevent any pH fluctuations. It is easier to keep Koi in hard water than soft water. In a closed water system like a small Koi pond, the pH level will remain stable for longer periods of time with less water changes.

If you keep your Koi in soft water, you will need to do water changes more often, in order to keep your pH level stable. A “pH crash” can occur if you fail to do regular water changes. A pH crash happens when the mineral content in the pond water becomes too low to buffer and the pond water quickly becomes to acidic. A rapid change in the pH level is toxic to fish. Since soft water has a much lower mineral content than hard water, the chance of a pH crash happening is far greater.

We recommend that you use hard water for your Koi pond. It helps create a stable environment for the Koi fish.

More info at: solarserdar@gmail.


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Croatian Center of Renewable Energy Sources (CCRES)


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FRESH – World´s Wildes Supermarket



FRESH – World´s Wildes Supermarket

From: Sepp Holzer’s Permakultur, Leopold Stocker Verlag, 2008

Fresh is the concept for an organic, living supermarket in cities and villages, where instead of taking the items off the shelf, the customer harvests the produce directly from raised beds!

It is a system that works with nature rather than against it.

By harvesting, the customer contributes to the work of producing to such a large extent that the produce can be offered at a never before seen quality and price. It’s almost for free. This is what you may call a win win win situation!


Man is the only creature that has to pay for living on planet earth. All other creatures get their food directly from nature and the ecosystems they are part of. We share many essential conditions for life with both plants and animals. We share for instance soil, water, air and sun light. Our food comes from nature, and the only reason why we process our food is business. We grow our food in rows on fields. We remove weeds, harvest, store, package, transport and sell our food to process it further.

The system is designed out of economic interest and thus fails to address the fundamental values of food. During production, the essential living conditions for the actual crops are removed. The crops therefore turn sick and are affected by various diseases and pests, which subsequently are controlled with poison. As the produce finally appears in the shelves of the supermarkets, it lacks the quality of proper food.

All processing of food diminishes its quality, whether it is the tilling of the soil or the processing of the actual crop. Nutrients diminish from the moment of harvest, so that the food, once it is delivered to the customer in the supermarket, has lost most of its nutritional value.

FRESH is a highly productive place offering the totally fresh and healthy produce at low and sustainable cost. It is an experimental site for the conceptual development of urban farming systems for the future. It is a centre for exchange of knowledge in growing systems, companion planting, plant’s interactions with nature and their use for man. It is a centre for courses offered to schools, institutions, associations, companies and private people… with courses in food preparation, nutrition, herbs, medicine, cosmetics, growing systems, and the use of plants, etc.

From: Sepp Holzer’s Permakultur,
Leopold Stocker Verlag, 2008

To be established

  • A raised bed area in a forest garden environment for intensive cropping and self harvest.
  • A place to experience and teach ecology.
  • The physical framework for education in plants, healthy food and medicine.
  • Literally, an experience of growing with nature, the discovery of old and new crops in mixed settings with plants and animals, where people can become part of the system.

The basic construction

  • Import of wood (partly as tree trunks, and partly as wood chips) and mushroom mycelium as a basis for the establishment of the raised beds and to start the decomposition process.
  • Planting of a forest garden including the planting of fast growing trees for sustainable production of biomass.
  • Establishment of a species-rich seed collection from breeders and seed collectors.

From: Sepp Holzer’s Permakultur, Leopold Stocker Verlag, 2008

Alternative models for possible financial support

  • Raising of financial support and employment of a group of professional gardeners that establish the first physical framework, e.g. raised beds.
  • In cooperation between the community and local residents as a socio-ecological project or as an activation program for unemployed people.
  • Through courses and the active participation of students in the construction.

The mission

Food production does not need to depend on fossil fuel energy, pesticides or artificial fertilizers. The entire chain from production to consumption can work out completely independent of fossil fuels.

Health does not depend on medical care but nutritious food — from healthy crops produced under natural conditions.

Such benefits cannot be offered by any of the existing production systems in Denmark. Only radical new concepts, such as FRESH, can and will create the desired resilience for the future food production and health of consumers.

The holistic view on food generates culture. From soil to soil, from table to table and from mouth to mouth.

FRESH will provide the physical framework for development of growing systems and its subsequent circulation to the public. FRESH will serve as inspiration for social entrepreneurs and companies having their focus on social ecology rather than conventional economy.

FRESH will be of benefit to the society at large, as it will secure food production and resilience independent of the current economic system.

The vision

Fresh will be an ecosystem with plants, animals and humans. Children will learn about essential living conditions as provided by the garden.

Paradise derives from the persian language and means ”fenced garden”, and if the garden is designed properly, it will contain all the essential conditions for life to thrive.

FRESH provides education in entity.

We learn about the needs of plants as well as humans, and we learn about ecology as a sustainable alternative to the current economy.

The knowledge will be explored in an open and integrating process and will be spread through consultancy, practical demonstration and guidance.

The growing system

In nature, plants do not grow is isolation, and neither do they grow in rows or in monocultures. Plants are used to growing with other plants and organisms, and have found in the course of evolution friends, enemies and cooperators.

Some plants are so dependent on the presence of a specific other species, that they depend on each other for survival. But there are also entire groups of plants that support other groups of plants.

Legumes, for example, assimilate, with the help of soil bacteria, nitrogen directly from the atmosphere. Other plants are more efficient in assimilating carbon through photosynthesis. These different groups of plants are able to efficiently exchange their assimilates via a dense network of mycelium, so that both groups benefit from each other’s expertise. There are additional mechanisms in plants and their environment to efficiently share water, light and nutrients.

During evolution, plants have developed specific strategies to circumvent direct competition. Most plants do not thrive well in monocultures. Instead, they are coded to cooperate with other species. And there is a wealth of mechanisms for such cooperation beyond imagination.

FRESH can contribute to exploring these mechanisms and to further the development of growing systems.

We will only be able to study the cooperation between organisms, when we allow the cooperation to take place in the way we grow our crops. Mixed polycultures are therefore the most appropriate way to cultivate plants.

Crops versus weeds

FRESH will challenge our understanding of food and redefine terms such as crops and weeds. Many of the so-called weeds are rather miracles of nature.

Weeds have important functions in ecosystems. It does not make sense to quantitatively remove weeds from the system. Instead one needs to work together with these plants in order for them to contribute to the system with their particular quality.

Stinging nettle is one example of the most neglected miracles among the plant kingdom. Stinging nettles accumulate a large variety of nutrients from the soil such as sulfur, nitrogen, calcium, potassium, iron and copper. Stinging nettles contain minerals as well as vitamins (A and C) and are beneficial for both humans as well as the soil.

Stinging nettles clean the blood, the kidneys, the liver and even the cells. But stinging nettles can also be used in surface composting by covering the soil between the crops. Surface composting releases nutrients for other plants thereby contributing to the formation of a natural soil structure. Stinging nettle is a healthy component of ecosystems; healthy in a broad sense.

Extracts of nettles can be used as liquid fertilizer as well as a protectant against pests and diseases.

Nettles have been used for food, medicine and fiber. But nettles also have important functions in the wild nature. More than 30 species of insects feed on stinging nettles and many spiders depend on them for food and habitat.

The mycelium

Mushrooms form a large group of living organism that decompose and feed on biomass. Mushrooms are mostly known for their visible fruit bodies. However, their hidden mycelium is a tight network that penetrates the soil in order to find decomposable organic material.

The mushroom mycelium is the planet’s natural internet. Individual mycelia are known as the biggest individual organisms on the planet and have extended across areas as large as several hundred hectares. The mycelium transports and distributes nutrients and makes them available to soil bacteria and plants. The mycelium decomposes toxic compounds, takes up heavy metals and paves the ground for the establishment of a healthy ecosystem, thus allowing many other organisms to flourish. The mycelium cleans and restores ecosystems from the bottom up, both after natural and man made disasters.

A specific group of mushrooms, also known as saprophytic mushrooms, are able to decompose a broad spectrum of the most toxic compounds in our environment, such as PAHs (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons), PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls), or the explosive TNT. The same mycelia can decompose all fractions of oil including products derived from oil. In addition, the mycelium of specific mushrooms can take up heavy metals such as mercury, cadmium, copper and lead, as well as contaminants such as arsenic and radioactive cesium.

The mycelium is a dynamic network that communicates with other organisms, shares and transports nutrients across large distances, while keeping toxic heavy metals out of reach for other organisms. Several mushrooms are known as toxic because of their capacity to accumulate toxic concentrations of specific heavy metals.

A natural soil structure is the most promising way to reestablish the intelligent system mycelium. Tilling the soil destroys the immune system of the soil and releases toxins.

Obviously, the quality of soils cannot be monitored by merely analyzing its elemental composition. The soil is an ecosystem with dead and living organisms in a dynamic and evolving process. It is the healthy state of the soil that determines, whether and how much toxic compounds are taken up from the vegetation above. The quality of the soil can only be determined by the vegetation. Its content of essential minerals versus toxic contaminants.

It is further obvious that naturally built soils must not be disturbed repeatedly by ploughing, because tilling the soil destroys its natural structure. Permanent, perennial and mixed polycultures are therefore the most appropriate form of cultivating plants.


Long before the discovery of the American continent, the Amazon basin was inhabited by one of the largest agrarian civilizations.

The Chibcha peoplepracticed a method that became known asslash and charto create and maintain cropping systems in the rainforest. The soil that has resulted from this culture is known as ‘terra preta do indio’ and is still, 500 years after the disappearance of the culture, stable and exceptionally fertile.

Char – or biochar – is a morph carbon which is the product of a fractionated burning (pyrolysis), where, instead of burning the biomass all the way down to ashes, only the light and volatile compounds of the biomass become oxidized, whereas most of its carbon skeleton remains.

Biochar has a gigantic surface structure providing a habitat for mycelia and bacteria, keeping moisture, and binding both nutrients as well as toxic contaminants.

The addition of biochar to soils contributes to the sequestration of carbon from the atmosphere, while at the same time serving to increase the soil’s fertility. In turn this creates conditions for better growth and further assimilation of carbon dioxide.

Biochar can be produced from all kind of dried biomass with simple technology. Biochar bears many potential applications and can for instance be used in the foundation of growth areas such as raised beds. Here it can serve as a filter to prevent unwanted contaminants rising into the upper soil layers, while at the same time reducing the loss of nutrients into the ground water.

Health – body, mind and soul

Standing strong against chronic diseases including depression, stress and burn-out is a great need. Our body is our temple. A healthy body is required for health of mind and soul.

We are genetically coded to live in and from nature. Man has eaten food produced in and from nature for 250.000 years. Consequently, our body needs nutrients and metabolites from the soil primarily via plants.

The definition of disease from the school medicine’s perspective refers often to a functional failure with the result that symptoms are treated rather than diseases. The body turns sick if it is not provided with the necessary minerals, vitamins and metabolites.

Today, we treat such symptoms with medicine. However, we can also choose to treat the patient and his or her disease, if we instead take a holistic view on the matter and provide the body with the necessary nutrition of healthy food. In fact, then we activate the body’s natural healing mechanisms.

The garden is known as a place for therapy. In reality however, it appears that people get sick as they are taken out of nature and the garden.

Initiators of FRESH

  • Kenneth Grønbjerg, cabinet maker, ecological farmer, permaculturist, activist and guerrilla gardener, growing food with focal aspects on health. E-mail: kermitgaard (at) live.dk, tel.: +45 20778644
  • Thomas Paul Jahn, PhD, biologist, former associate professor in ‘Agriculture and Ecology’ at KU-LIFE, active consultancy in growing systems with core area in soil restoration using mycoremediation. Guerrilla gardener. E-mail: thomaspauljahn (at) gmail.com, tel.: +45 22314540 www.jordforbindelse.wordpress.com
  • Filip Micoletti, permaculture horticulturist, artisan, musician. E-mail: tuvieni (at) yahoo.dk, tel.: +45 60904966


  • Caroline Fibæk, naturopath in biological medicine, book author, presenter and educator.
  • Jann Kuusisaari, biologist with focal area in edible weeds, gardner.
  • Julie Dufour Veise, architect, field guide.
  • Ginda Hirslund, green cook and nutritional therapist. Educator at the school of ecological production, Copenhagen (den økologiske produktionsskole).
  • Željko Serdar,president and CEO at CCRES and CCRES AQUAOONICS
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Are YOU ready to join the Farm Revolution ?

Why you should go small first

Murray Hallam and Gina Cavailero in her Aquaponics Greenhouse

There’s been a lot of interest about commercial aquaponics recently and some discussion about how big should such a system be to become viable? Big is always best right? Not necessarily. If you envisage one of those broad acre hydroponic farms that seems to run for acres and acres off into the distance then you might be surprised that this is not the solution or even the future of aquaponics.
Speaking with Murray Hallam recently about commercial aquaponics, he sees this future very differently. Murray is big on small scale aquaponics that offers a secure future to the mum and dad operators running their own relaxed lifestyle but selling their produce not to big agri-business food chains, but directly into the community. Farmers markets, produce sold directly to restaurants, even food sold to other local food suppliers that redistribute your produce directly to the community.

This method seems to be the way to go forward.

Gina Cavaliero from Green Acre Organics is one such person doing the direct to restaurants route. If you thought the process would be difficult to secure a contract of direct sales like we did, then you are in for a surprise. Gina cannot supply enough food to meet the need in her local community. It seems fresh produce in peak condition is a much sought after commodity.

One of the smart things Gina did was to first build a mini micro aquaponics system. In her backyard you will find a very small floating raft system connected to a round outdoor pool fish tank. Here Gina is able to cleverly test out a range of produce from herbs to lettuce to test and discover what grows well in her neck of the woods. Living in Florida helps too. But until you test a range of of boutique produce you will never know exactly how well those greens will grow based on your climate conditions. A micro floating raft system gave Gina the necessary clues to what would work well in her larger system.

Building a small micro-system first is a clever inexpensive thing to do. No sales person or marketing guru can tell you exactly what to grow in your climate. You will need to do your own homework first. Some level of filtration is needed on even a basic small system like this.

The plants and fish are a litmus test to the experimental nature of determining the optimal growing conditions for her test plants. Of course in her main greenhouse the usual rules of filtration apply. Gina features even a degassing tank to heavily oxygenate any methane present in the system before the water is sent off to her floating rafts. But building a micro system is a terrific idea before taking the heavy investment in up-scaling to a larger more expensive commercial system.

Gina even lightly stocks her big tank with tilapia. There is no problem with the fish supplying enough nutrients to keep the plants well fed. Lightly stocking your tank with fish can also be less stressful to the farmer should something break down resulting in heavy fish losses which seems to have a compounding problem in heavily stocked tanks. Heavily stocked tanks also require critical attention to filtration and fish oxygen demand. Sometimes a lighter approach to aquaponic farming can be less stressful and more therapeutic and still yield good plant growth.

Incidentally Gina Cavaliero along with Sylvia Bernstein and Murray Hallam will join forces for a small scale commercial aquaponics class nextApril in 2012 in Florida.Murray Hallam will also reveal how to build a hybrid media system he calls FloMedia right into your floating raft system. The idea is that for the small commercial farmer wanting to grow a broader range of plants and vegetables, even root crops, FloMedia can be expanded to use fish nutrients along with your conventional system. This raises the opportunity for farmers to trial a broader range of fruit trees and larger plants in their locality.

In April of 2012, Green Acre Organics proudly presents the training that will reshape farming forever….

Learn the methods, understand the science, discover the business, and become part of the movement that will relocalize sustainable food production. This is not an academic class taught by professors or consultants, but rather a hands-on practical class designed to teach you everything you need to know to run your own successful aquaponic farm. The innovators at Green Acre are joined by Murray Hallam of Practical Aquaponics and Sylvia Bernstein of The Aquaponic Source for this comprehensive, hands-on approach to aquaponic farming.
“The greatest fine art of the future will be the making of a comfortable living from a small piece of land.”
Abraham Lincoln

Today’s health conscious consumers hunger for good, clean, locally grown food and this course teaches the entrepreneur or “farmpreneur” how to build a business to meet those needs. Australian Murray Hallam, the media growing guru of DIY Aquaponics fame has this to say about the course:
“Our approach is that Aquaponics is a balanced ECO system…. through a family farm. Ordinary people can do it. You do not need a million dollars, or highly mechanized, spinning componentry to grow your own food for yourself and your community.”

Watch this video to hear more of Murray’s thoughts about aquaponic farming.

The Green Acre family farm is the model that this team will teach students to replicate. A successful Aquaponics Farm since 2010, Green Acres does this for a living every day. Recognizing the value of integrating media bed growing into raft (DWC) technology, their hybrid aquaponics design optimizes nutrient density by allowing the additional metabolization of valuable solids typically removed from DWC systems. Why remove the most valuable element in an aquaponic system when it can be utilized to produce better and more abundant growth? This growth translates into one thing, more sellable product, elevating your bottom line.
Elevating your bottom line, now that’s a concept any business person can appreciate. Enter Sylvia Bernstein. An integral part in any family farm is the business aspect. Like Murray says, ordinary people can do it, but they also need to have the tools and skills to manage the business and market their product. Sylvia, is the former VP of Marketing for AeroGrow International with a Masters in Business from the top business school in the U.S., and the author of the best selling* book, Aquaponic Gardening says:
“We provide the whole package. This is an all inclusive aquaponic course. The hands on and the how to coupled with business management essentials makes this all the training anyone will need to start their own aquaponics farm.”

We are also offering an optional Bonus Session on Sustainable Greenhouse Design and
Saving and Adapting Seeds

With Penn and Cord Parmenter

For only an additional $200 and one more day (on the back-end if you sign up for Session 1 or the front end if you are in Session 2) you can walk away with a complete set of plans and the know-how to build your very own passive solar greenhouse. You can even use recycled materials! PLUS, you will learn how to save and adapt your own seeds, reducing your costs and increasing the quality of your crops.

  • Our program is taught by people who are not only aquaponics business people and farmers, but also industry leaders. We do aquaponics for a living every day.
  • Our goal is not to sell you systems or consulting services at the end of this course. Our goal is to have you walk away with all the knowledge you need to start your own successful aquaponics farm.
  • Our approach is to teach you about all the growing methods currently available – DWC, media, NFT, and Vertical – so you can design your farm to fit your market.
  • Our process is organized and structured. Your time is valuable and you are paying your hard-earned money for this course. We guarantee that if we say that we will go over something on the schedule below…we will.
  • We offer additional training in greenhouse building and seed saving!

The Syllabus

We have designed this course to be a logical progression that builds on itself over the four days. Morning sessions will be held classroom style in a very comfortable, local community center. Each morning session will start with an aquaponically focused set of lessons, followed by a set of business lessons. Then we break for lunch, which will be provided from a local, organic cafe. Afternoon sessions will be at Green Acre Organics Farm. They will be broken out into smaller groups so that all students get front row, hands on time with their instructors. Each group will rotate through all segments.

Day 1

  • Morning – Classroom
    • Aquaponics – The basics
      • The Nitrogen Cycle
      • The Role of pH
      • Water quality
      • Dissolved Oxygen
      • Important ratios
    • Business – What you need to consider before becoming a farmer
      • Understand your market!
      • Types of distribution channels
      • Can you actually sell your fish?
      • Legal structures
      • Zoning regulations
  • Afternoon – Hands on at Green Acres
    • Water Quality and Testing
    • Seeding
    • Plant handling and insect control
    • Fish handling

Day 2

  • Morning – Classroom
    • Aquaponics – Systems Design
      • System types – DWC, media, NFT, vertical
      • Combining system types
      • Component selection
      • Construction tips
      • Water flow and pumps
    • Business – Marketing
      • What is your USP?
      • Form a tribe
      • Pricing theory, supply vs. demand
      • Social media “advertising”
      • The value of creating an email list and sending out newsletters
      • Display / packaging / branding
  • Afternoon – Hands on at Green Acres
    • System construction
    • Fish Tanks/connections
    • DWC or raft bed construction Media bed construction
    • Seedling system construction

Day 3

  • Morning – Classroom
    • Aquaponics – Plumbing and Maintenance
      • Water flow and pumps
      • Plumbing it all together
      • System maintenance
    • Business – Your online presence
      • I’m a farmer…why do I need a website?
      • The importance of your URL
      • Establishing your website
      • SEO basics
  • Afternoon – Hands on at Green Acres
    • System plumbing
    • Vertical and NFT Systems
    • System maintenance

Day 4

  • Morning – Classroom
    • Aquaponics – The Growing Environment
      • Farm Biosecurity and HAACP practices
      • Green house considerations
      • Heating in the winter
      • Lighting
    • Business – “Sell” is not a 4-letter word!
      • How to sell at Farmer’s Markets
      • How to establish a CSA/Buying Club
      • How to approach Restaurants
  • Afternoon – Hands on at Green Acres
    • Wrap up and final Q&A

The Instructors

Gina Cavaliero and Tonya Penick of Green Acre Organics

Green Acre Organics is one of the first commercial aquaponic farms in Florida. At Green Acre, Gina manages farm operations, their Green Acre Organics For You! produce club and also their aquaponic training program, where entrepreneurs are taught how to replicate the Green Acre model and operate the hybridized aquaponic family farm. Gina serves as the inaugural Chairman for the Aquaponics Association and is dedicated to the mission of advancing aquaponics for her fellow members and industry. Before becoming an aquaponic farmer, Gina was the co-owner and managing director of a multi-million dollar producing construction contracting firm. Gina received her Bachelor of Science from the University of Florida in Anthropology with a minor in Education.

Tonya Penick is the behind the scenes force of Green Acre Organics. With a 23 year construction history, Tonya is the system engineer and hands on element in the Green Acre operation. Tonya was the co-owner and operations manager of the duo’s semi-national construction firm.

Murray Hallam of Practical Aquaponics

Murray is probably the most well known face in the world-wide aquaponics movement. He discovered aquaponics in 2006, and immediately put his fiberglass and boat-building skills to work to build and sell aquaponics systems and equipment through Practical Aquaponics in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. He is perhaps best know over here, however, for his outstanding aquaponics video series: Aquaponics Made Easy, Aquaponics Secrets, and the recently released DIY Aquaponics. Murray is the Chairman of the Australian Chapter of the Aquaponics Association.

Sylvia Bernstein of The Aquaponic Source

Sylvia is the president of The Aquaponic Source , she runs the Aquaponic Gardening Community, and is the Chairman of the U.S. Chapter of the Aqupaonics Association. She is also the author of “Aquaponic Gardening: A Step by Step Guide to Growing Fish and Vegetables Together” . Before aquaponics, she was the VP of Marketing and Product Development at AeroGrow International, where she was one of the founding team members. Sylvia has an MBA from the University of Chicago and a B.S. in Agricultural and Managerial Economics from the University of California at Davis.


  • $1195 for registration before February 22
  • $1295 for registration between February 23 and March 22
  • $1395 for registration between March 23 and April 21
  • $200 discount for second family or project member (see Options above “add to cart” button)
  • $200 for the Bonus Sustainable Greenhouse Design and Saving and Adapting Seeds course (click here)
  • Cancellation policy Requests for cancellation of registration must be received in writing. Cancellations received by April 1, 2011, will be subject to a cancellation fee of 15%, which will be deducted from the refund. No refund will be made for cancellation requests received after April 1. If the event needs to be cancelled because of an unforseen cause beyond the organizers control (such as Acts of God, fire, strikes, and natural disasters, etc.) you will be refunded your registration fee less 15% to cover incurred organizational costs


(note: each Session is independent. Session 2 is identical to Session 1)
  • Session 1 – April 21 – April 24
  • Optional Bonus Section on Sustainable Greenhouse Design and Saving and Adapting Seeds – April 25
  • Session 2 – April 26 – April 29


8:00 am – 5:00 pm


Because we strongly believe that the personal experience of actually being in the class and interacting with the systems, the instructors and fellow participants is critical to the eventual success of the participants, this class will not be available on video tape and video taping of these sessions is prohibited.


  • Morning, classroom sessions will be held at the Ridge Manor Community Center 34240 Cortez Blvd., Ridge Manor, FL 33523
  • Afternoon, hands-on sessions will be held at the Green Acre Organic Farm


Tampa International


preferred rates have been arranged, accommodations are not included

These workshops are sure to fill up quickly and will be kept to a limited number of participants. Reserve your space now!

More info at: solarserdar@gmail.com


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