Astaxanthin from Haematococcus pluvialis

Astaxanthin from Haematococcus pluvialis

President & CEO of CCRES
Astaxanthin, a member of the carotenoid family, it is a dark red pigment and the main carotenoid found in algae and aquatic animals. It is responsible for the red/pink coloration of crustaceans, shellfish, and the flesh of salmonoids. Algatechnologies produces astaxanthin from the microalga Haematococcus pluvialis, the richest known natural source for astaxanthin.
Astaxanthin however, is more than just a red pigment, it is primarily an extremely powerful antioxidant. It has the unique capacity to quench free radicals and reactive species of oxygen and to inhibit lipid peroxidation. Studies have shown astaxanthin to be over 500 times stronger than vitamin E and much more potent than other carotenoids such as lutein, lycopene and β-carotene.
Astaxanthin was found to have beneficial effects in many health conditions related to the Central Nervous System (CNS) disorders, skin health, joint health, muscle endurance, as well as to the cardiovascular, immune, eye and other systems.

Natural astaxanthin – molecule properties

Astaxanthin (3,3’-dihydroxy-β-β-carotene-4,4’-dione) is a xanthophyll  carotenoid,  commonly found in marine environments where it gives an orange-pink coloration to several sea-species.

CCRES  Haematococcus pluvialis
Astaxanthin has two chiral centers, at the 3 and 3′ positions. The main astaxanthin stereoisomer (3S, 3S’) found in the microalga Haematococcus pluvialis is the main form found in wild salmon.

CCRES  Haematococcus pluvialis
 Astaxanthin consists of geometric isomers (trans and cis). the cis isomers display higher bioavailability and potency in humans This isomer is abundant (up to 20%) in the natural astaxanthin complex produced by the microalga Haematococcus pluvialis.

CCRES  Haematococcus pluvialis

The astaxanthin in Haematococcus pluvialis microalgae occurs in the esterified form, which is more stable than the free astaxanthin form.

CCRES  Haematococcus pluvialis

Astaxanthin cannot be synthesized by animals and humans and must be provided in the diet. Natural astaxanthin has been part of the human diet for thousands of years.

CCRES  Haematococcus pluvialis

Astaxanthin, unlike most carotenes is not converted to vitamin A (retinol) in the human body.

CCRES  Haematococcus pluvialis

Natural astaxanthin has no “pro-oxidant” activity – It does not become an exhausted oxidant thanks to its unique molecule structure that is able to release the excess of energy as heat.

CCRES  Haematococcus pluvialis
 Astaxanthin has been shown to actually cross the blood-brain and blood-retina barriers, meaning it can positively impact disorders related to brain and the central nervous system.
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5 thoughts on “Astaxanthin from Haematococcus pluvialis

  1. The freshwater green algaHaematococcus pluvialis (Strain Vischer 1923/2) grows best at high nitrate concentrations (about 0.5 to 1.0 g 1–1 KNO3), intermediate phosphate concentration (about 0.1 g 1–1 K2HPO4) and over a wide range of Fe concentrations. Low nitrate or high phosphate induce the formation of reddish palmella cells and aplanospores. Mixotrophic growth with acetate improves growth rate and final cell yield, and also stimulates the formation of the astaxanthin-containing palmella cells and aplanospores.H. pluvialis cannot grow above about 28 °C, or above a salinity of approximately 1% w/v NaCl. An increase in temperature or the addition of NaCl also stimulates the formation of palmella cells and aplanospores.

    • Amel Baghdad says:

      thank you for the information,i am really looking forward to start a project in that field in arizona desert in 2014,and looking for some volenteer with bio science knowledge no degrees necessary.

      Amel Baghdad RN

  2. Trevor Reining says:

    astaxanthin is a great food supplement, i always take it to enhance my body heath.^

    Find out more about our very own web-site too

  3. Etta Trebesch says:

    Astaxanthin at first comes from a microalgae named Haematococcus pluvialis. The rationale it is possible to obtain it in lots of animals, especially in maritime animals is given that they take in this plant and then digest it, thus acquiring additional astaxanthin in their bodies.The top foods for this remarkable carotenoid are marine vegetation, salmon, shrimp, trout along with other seafoods. You do not need a lot to take full advantage of the health advantages of astaxanthin, but plenty of people arent acquiring adequate, that is the place the problem is.*

    My own, personal blog site

  4. ajith says:

    i am intrested and planing to start a farm for commercial production of astaxanthin . can any one guide me regarding the production process of HP . and extraction of astaxanthin from it.

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